The domestic goat or simply goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of C. aegagrusdomesticated from the wild goat of southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. The goat is a member of the animal family Bovidae and is closely related to the sheep; both are placed in the goat-antelope subfamily Caprinae. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat.Goats are one of the oldest domesticated species of animal, and have been used for milk, meat, fur, and skins across much of the world. Milk from goats is often turned into goat cheese.
Female goats are referred to as “does” or “nannies”, intact males are called “bucks” or “billies” and juvenile goats of both sexes are called “kids”. Castrated males are called “wethers”. While the words “hircine” and “caprine” both refer to anything having a goat-like quality, “hircine” is used most often to emphasize the distinct smell of domestic goats.